Month: December 2019

Start Investing In Brand You

Start Investing In Brand You

first_img Essential Reading! Get my first book: The Only Sale Guide You’ll Ever Need “The USA Today bestseller by the star sales speaker and author of The Sales Blog that reveals how all salespeople can attain huge sales success through strategies backed by extensive research and experience.” Buy Now You are a brand. You’re “Brand You!”You are the only asset that makes up “brand you,” and you are the only real asset you have to produce results in business and in life. The more effective “brand you” becomes, the better your results and the stronger that brand.If you want a more powerful “brand you,” you have to start making investments in that brand.Investing Time in Your Personal and Professional DevelopmentYour brand is built on your ability to create value. The greater the value you create, the more valuable your brand. Your personal development is the keys to creating more value. If you want a stronger “brand you,” you have to make an investment of time.You have to invest time in improving yourself. You have to stop spending time on novelties and distractions and instead invest your time reading books, journals, or business magazines. Investing your time attending classes, webinars, and seminars builds your abilities, gives you new ideas, and improves your brand. You also need to invest time assessing your performance to determine what you need to improve to get better results. All of this takes time.If your brand isn’t getting stronger from week to week, an investment of time produces a seriously outsized result.Investing Money in Tools, Training, and ResourcesThe people with the most powerful personal brands invest in their own development. They spend their money on the tools, the training, and the resources they need to improve and build their brands.They invest in books and audiobooks. They attend conferences and seminars (many attending conferences where they would be qualified to speak). They pay for personal training and personal coaching. They even attend webinars and teleseminars.The people with powerful personal brands invest in the tools, the training, and the resources that improve that brand because the return on investment is so great. The money they invest in developing themselves is returned many times over in future results.If your brand isn’t where you want it to be, you might need to make a greater investment in building the underlying asset.Investing In Action to Get the Benefit of your InvestmentIf you want to improve “brand you,” you have to invest more than your time and your money. You have to take what you are learning and put it to good use.The single reason that most people don’t improve their results after investing their time and money on their personal development is because they fail to act on what they’ve learned. Learning something and not applying it is the same as not having learned it. Knowing what to do and not doing it is the same as not knowing what to do.Never leave the site of an investment of your time or money without a concrete, written action plan. Make the commitment to act on what you have learned. This is why I almost always write a series of questions at the bottom of each blog post. You shouldn’t even invest the time in reading this blog without making some commitment to take action (or at least recommit to taking some action).What are you investing in “brand you?”QuestionsWhat investments do you need to start making in “Brand You?”What investments of time will build your personal brand?What investments in personal and professional development do you need to make?Do you ensure that you improve your results when you work on your personal development by taking action on what you have learned? How can you do better?last_img read more

The Lenses Through Which I View People

The Lenses Through Which I View People

first_imgThere are a lot of lenses through which you can view things. Your sales process is a conceptual framework from which to view sales. The methodologies that you use are also lenses on how to think about certain ideas. I study human achievement, success, and psychology, believing that all the results we produce are through, for and with people, and the problems we have are people problems.Here are four of the lenses I use.Anthony Robbins’ Six Human Needs Psychology: Robbins is known for a lot of things, mostly for his late-night television infomercials and Personal Power II. But that was early work for him, and as powerful as it is, the work he does with people at his live events and at Robbins-Madanes Training is far more interesting and useful. That work is fundamentally built on his Six Human Needs Psychology, which makes Maslow’s hierarchy useful.Robbins believe that you have six human needs: certainty, uncertainty (variety), love (or connection), significance, growth, and contribution. You are driven primarily by two of these needs, even though you have all of them. Some people choose healthy vehicles to meet these needs, while others make unhealthy choices (you could exercise to change your mental state, or you could do drugs).Robbins uses his brand of NLP, his massive charisma, and his gifts of connecting and communicating to help people change. But just knowing what needs someone is trying to meet can help you understand how best to help them.Stephen Covey’s Seven Habits: Stephen Covey was an educator, a teacher. In 1989 he wrote a self-help book that is still one of the best of its kind, The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People. Covey’s great contribution was recognizing that you first had to gain control over yourself (what he called “Independence”) before you could be effective working with others (or what Covey called “Interdependence”).Most of the problems you or I have as a human being can be solved by working on one (or more) of Covey’s habits. The first three, “Be Proactive,” “Begin with the End in Mind,” and “Put First Things First,” are a recipe for identifying your values, designing your life, and doing what is most important. The next three habits, “Think Win-Win,” “Seek First to Understand, Then to be Understood,” and “Synergize,” are about putting relationships first, being empathetic and caring, and teamwork. The final habit is to “Sharpen Your Saw,” or make time to renew yourself. This is about sustainability.All of Covey’s work is built on the idea that there is abundance, not scarcity, and that there is always a way to produce a better result. Looking at the challenges you are dealing with through Covey’s lens can help you easily pinpoint the root of almost any people-related problem you face.Ken Wilber’s All Quadrants, All Levels: There simply isn’t any way to describe Ken Wilber’s work effectively. Wilber is mostly philosopher, but the actionable and interesting part of his work is about developmental lines, how human being grow up and wake up. Wilber calls this work Integral Theory.It’s not easy to summarize Wilber’s map of everything, but it begins with the idea that human beings are capable of over two dozen types of intelligence (or lines), some of the most important being cognitive and moral intelligence. Wilber suggests that cognitive intelligence without moral intelligence leads to things like Enron and Nazi doctors. .Wilber’s levels are more difficult to describe, but he has mapped every developmental psychologists work and lined up the commonalities. All human cultures grow through these levels, and the easiest way to understand them is to look at Clare Graves and Don Beck’s Spiral Dynamics. The levels are: Beige (survival), Purple (kin spirits, magical), Red (power gods, mythical), Blue (truth force, absolutes), Orange (Strive, independence), and Green (human bonds, or pluralistic), Yellow (FlexFlow, integrative), and Turquoise (GlobalView, holistic).Wilber’s work is the best and most comprehensive map of human psychological and cultural development. This work is useful in understand why people believe and behave the way they do, and it does so without being judgmental.Howard Bloom’s The Lucifer Principle, Global Brain, and Genius of the Beast: If Wilber is difficult to describe, Bloom is impossible. He is a scientist first and foremost, and his fundamental principle is “the truth at any price, even the price of your life.” Bloom studies the superorganism that is we humans, and one of his experiments was running his own PR firm where he handled the careers of people like Prince, Michael Jackson, ZZ Top, Aerosmith, and John Cougar Mellencamp, among others.Bloom’s contributions to science are many, and he is the most well-read and meticulous researcher you will ever meet. Bloom discovered that the selfish gene doesn’t drive our behavior; we’re not all individual selection. In fact, we are driven by group selection too, and these groups are the products of memes, the cultural beliefs that connect us to each other.Bloom’s perceptual framework includes self-organizing systems (replicators), the superorganism (of which you and I are members), memes (self-replicating clusters of ideas), the neural net (or group mind), and the pecking order (dominance hierarchies).Bloom’s work helps you understand the massive cultural shifts that have occurred throughout history and what drove them. You can use these lenses to understand the great scope and sweep of history and to understand why the major issues and trends of the day are occurring now.You can use these lenses to better understand people. You can also turn them inward and better understand the one person you most need to better understand. Essential Reading! Get my 2nd book: The Lost Art of Closing “In The Lost Art of Closing, Anthony proves that the final commitment can actually be one of the easiest parts of the sales process—if you’ve set it up properly with other commitments that have to happen long before the close. The key is to lead customers through a series of necessary steps designed to prevent a purchase stall.” Buy Nowlast_img read more

Why Fast Is Slow

Why Fast Is Slow

first_img Essential Reading! Get my first book: The Only Sale Guide You’ll Ever Need “The USA Today bestseller by the star sales speaker and author of The Sales Blog that reveals how all salespeople can attain huge sales success through strategies backed by extensive research and experience.” Buy Now If you want to win business faster, you need to slow down.The more you rush your buyer, the more they feel that the deal you want is about your gain—not what is most important to them.Going too fast in discovery can cause the contacts you are calling on to feel as if what they are saying isn’t important to you, that you don’t really care, and that you aren’t going to take their real needs into consideration.Rushing through the process and foregoing the consensus-building necessary for your dream client to get the internal “yes” from their team prevents them from giving you the “yes,” that means you won the business.There aren’t a lot of great reasons to rush to a solution. A couple of extra hours deepening your understanding allows you to build better solutions, and solutions your prospective client can agree to buy. A lack of time invested here slows the process.One of the single worst attempts to speed up the sales process is to present a proposal and pricing before you have built the value and before you’ve built a preference for you and your solution. You aren’t speeding towards a “yes.” You are speeding straight into a dead end.A sales process and the buyer’s process have one important fact in common: they’re both a series of conversations and commitments.Skipping the needed conversations in an attempt to get to a close faster will only get you to “no” faster.When you avoid asking for some of the commitments you and your dream client need to make together, you not only slow the process, you make it exceedingly more likely that they won’t buy from you.A fundamental underinvestment of time with your dream client will actually increase the time it takes to win deals, if you can win them at all, having failed to develop the relationships, and having failed to create enough value to be preferred.These are some of the reasons why fast is slow and slow is fast. Slow is also a better strategy for winning, and it’s a better way to compress your sales cycle when fast means shoddy work, poor relationships, too little value creation, and skipping the necessary conversations and commitments.last_img read more

If You Asked Over Email, You Did Not Ask

If You Asked Over Email, You Did Not Ask

first_img Essential Reading! Get my 2nd book: The Lost Art of Closing “In The Lost Art of Closing, Anthony proves that the final commitment can actually be one of the easiest parts of the sales process—if you’ve set it up properly with other commitments that have to happen long before the close. The key is to lead customers through a series of necessary steps designed to prevent a purchase stall.” Buy Now A reader of this blog wrote to me to ask how he could increase the number of appointments he was acquiring through his prospecting efforts. He is struggling, and he is intent on improving his results, and he is looking for ways to do so. This is smart. If what you are doing isn’t working, you need to make adjustments.To gain some context, I asked this reader how many asks he has made to date. He told me that he has asked for a meeting 17 times, and then he added that all of these requests were made by email.No AskIt is unfair to suggest that the content of your ask over email isn’t right or that it won’t produce a meeting. That is expecting something of the medium that the medium isn’t capable of producing (with rare exceptions). Email gives conflict-adverse people with sales titles hope that they can succeed without having to interrupt people, and it is often their preferred form of rejection because then they do not have to hear it verbalized.An email request for a meeting is the same as not having asked for a meeting at all unless you know the person and you are following up on a call and a voicemail.You are a stranger. Your dream client doesn’t know you. Your message requesting an appointment is not very different from spam, a message from a stranger to ask for something. Because the “growth hacker” types have decided to automate prospecting, the choice of email to ask for an appointment is diminished further now that everyone realizes these emails have been completely automated. Your email is suspect, if it is not deleted with extreme prejudice.In a world where everyone is zagging, you should zig. In a world where human interactions are being automated, being human creates a competitive mismatch and asymmetry that creates an advantage.You Ask for a MeetingIf you are going to ask for a meeting, then you do the asking. You are not your dream client’s pen pal. Get out from behind the screen and pick up the phone and call the person you are asking for a meeting and ask them. When you hear “no,” resolve that person’s concern, promise to trade more in value than the time you are requesting, and ask again for the meeting.If you don’t hear the “no” response with your own ears, then you did not make an ask. Unless you can hear your email being deleted.last_img read more

Data, Insight, and Wisdom

Data, Insight, and Wisdom

first_imgThe word data means facts and statistics that have been in some way collected. Our technologies now allow us to collect an endless amount of data, some of which is helpful in making sense of our world, as well as assisting with better decisions. But data by itself is just data.Insight is an understanding of the data or information. It’s the discernment of what the data means, how it might be interpreted. Insight is necessary to make data useful; otherwise, it’s just facts with no meaning. This is the application of thinking to the data.Wisdom is something altogether different from data or insight. Wisdom is applying experience and judgment about decisions one might take—or not take—in light of the insight and data. Wisdom offered from one person to another is called advice, something that includes data and insight, and adds something of greater value.Data is important. If you lack a command of the facts, it is difficult to make a case that someone should be doing something different. If you lack the insights to derive meaning from the data, to explain why it matters and the implications from your interpretation, the data is useless. Insight starts with asking questions to determine what story the data tells and why based on the context in which the information is being used.Wisdom is knowing why the insight and data matters, what it means for your dream clients, what they should do about, and how they should go about making change. Wisdom is a level of knowledge that is greater than the sum of the data and the insights. The experience that enables you to offer advice, the good judgment that has come from bad judgment (yours and other’s), and recognizing the choices of action and the accompanying trade-offs are what allows you to offer advice.If you want to help other people produce better results, data and insight are essential, but acquiring experience is critical to your being able to offer advice in the first place. Essential Reading! Get my 2nd book: The Lost Art of Closing “In The Lost Art of Closing, Anthony proves that the final commitment can actually be one of the easiest parts of the sales process—if you’ve set it up properly with other commitments that have to happen long before the close. The key is to lead customers through a series of necessary steps designed to prevent a purchase stall.” Buy Nowlast_img read more

Nagpur bomb blast suspect gives talaq over phone

Nagpur bomb blast suspect gives talaq over phone

first_imgA man, allegedly involved in the 2012 Nagpur bomb blast case, divorced his wife by uttering the word ‘talaq’ thrice over the phone after she “resisted his criminal activities.”The woman told the police that she married Shamsuddin Shah in 2011, embraced Islam and changed her name from Snehlata to Shamshun Nisha.She claimed that Mr.Shah was involved in the Nagpur blast and was sent to jail by the Maharashtra Police.Ms. Nisha alleged that after she opposed his criminal activites, Mr.Shah started committing atrocities on her and on May 25, he divorced her by uttering ‘talaq’ thrice over the phone.The police have started a probe into the matter based on a complaint filed by the woman.“We have asked the Maharashtra Police to verify the charge against the man levelled by his wife that he was involved in the Nagpur blast,” Additional SP Ajay Pratap said on Thursday.The ASP said her complaint was being looked into seriously. Meanwhile, in a memorandum to SP (City), Vishwa Hindu Parishad and Durga Vahini leaders alleged that Mr.Shah was trapping innocent Hindu women and pushing them into flesh trade. They dubbed it as a case of ‘love jihad’.last_img read more

Policeman killed in Srinagar

Policeman killed in Srinagar

first_imgFour policemen were injured and one of them succumbed to his injuries after a militant ambush near Srinagar on Friday evening. A police spokesman told The Hindu that a police vehicle was fired upon by militants on a highway near Zeewan in the outskirts of Srinagar in the evening during a routine patrol. “Four injured policemen were shifted to Srinagar hospital,” said the spokesman. Later, Head Constable Kishan Lal succumbed to his injuries in the hospital.Police sources said the area had been cordoned off. The militiant group Lashkar-e-Taiba said it had carried out the attack.last_img read more

No riot after BJP came to power in U.P., says Adityanath

No riot after BJP came to power in U.P., says Adityanath

first_img“There has not been a single riot” in Uttar Pradesh since the BJP came to power, Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath said on Tuesday, as he counted the “achievements” of the first six months of his government.“It is a record for the State which used to have an ugly picture of it presented before the world,” Mr. Adityanath said.Releasing a 56-page booklet titled “Badh Chala Uttar Pradesh Ek Nai Disha ki Aur” or U.P. moves in a new direction, Mr. Adityanath claimed his government had taken strong steps to fulfil people’s expectations. The booklet starts with the government’s claims of having improved the law and order situation.It also refers to the controversial Anti-Romeo Squad as one of the achievements.Since the BJP came to power, the police had shot dead 17 accused criminals in alleged encounters, seized the property of 69 persons under the Gangsgter Act and Rs 35 crore worth of property from the land mafia.Referring to these figures, Mr. Adityanath, who was flanked by BJP cabinet ministers as well as UP DGP Sulkhan Singh, said: “Common people feel safe today and the police, whose morale was low under previous governments, is coming to the front. To a large extent, we have achieved in getting rid of the atmosphere of fear…”The government claimed that it had booked 54 persons under NSA, 1,145 under the Gangsters Act and 9,963 under the Goonda Act since March 20.It also refers to the controversial Anti-Romeo Squad as one of the achievements, saying action was taken against 2011 miscreants under it.The booklet also highlights the BJP’s programmes and schemes for farmers, in particular the loan waiver scheme for 86 lakh farmers. The government said it completed 2,367 ponds in the drought-prone Bundelkhand.A roadmap for doubling the income of farmers by 2022 had also been prepared.In the field of infrastructure, the government said it made 80,000 km of roads pothole free, while making the process of tender transparent.The BJP government also took credit for the Lucknow Metro which was inaugurated on September 5, saying it completed the remaining construction for the project, even though the trial run was done under the Akhilesh Yadav government last December.Mr. Adityanath’s list of achievements was released a day after he unveiled a “White Paper” of his six months in power. However, to the surprise of everyone, it focused on the limitations and criticisms of the previous SP and BSP governments, from 2003 to 2017, and had little about his own government.Mr. Adityanath said his government had inherited corruption, crime, goondagardi and lawlessness from the previous governments.Criticizing the BJP, SP spokesperson Rajendra Chaudhary said that by focusing on the limitations of the previous governments, the Yogi government was merely trying to “withwash” its failures and cover up its inaction.last_img read more

Another stab at Taj Mahal’s heritage

Another stab at Taj Mahal’s heritage

first_imgJust weeks after the Uttar Pradesh government dropped the Taj Mahal from its tourism brochure, Sangeet Som, BJP MLA and an accused in Muzaffarnagar riots of 2013, said the monument was a “blot on Indian culture”.Justifying the State government’s move to exclude the Taj Mahal from its list of tourism sites, Mr. Som on Sunday said it was built by “tyrants” who worked to destroy the Hindus of Uttar Pradesh and the country. He said blots like Mughal emperors would be removed from the pages of Indian history.“Many people were sad the Taj Mahal was removed from the tourism booklet of the State government. What history are we talking about? The history that the builder of the Taj Mahal had imprisoned his father? [In fact, Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, who built the Taj Mahal in memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal, was the one imprisoned till the end of his days by his son Aurangzeb] The history that the builder of the monument eliminated Hindus from U.P. and from India? It is quite sad and unfortunate that such tyrants are still part of our history,” Mr. Som, MLA from Sardhana said, addressing a gathering in Meerut after inaugurating the statue of an eighth century king, Anangpal Singh Tomar.Centre to rewrite historyMr. Som also said the BJP governments at the Centre and in Uttar Pradesh were working to change history.“I can tell you with complete guarantee that history will be changed. History which was misrepresented and distorted is being corrected now. The State government and the Central government are working to fix the history and include Lord Ram, Maharana Pratap and Shivaji in the history books. The governments at the State and Centre are working to remove stories of the blot that Babur, Akbar and Aurangzeb stand for,” he saidWest Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee criticised Mr. Som for questioning the Taj Mahal’s place in India’s heritage, and said the day was not far when the BJP would try to change the country’s name. She alleged that the party was making “divisive statements” with a “political agenda”.PTI adds:Will govt. tell tourists to keep off Taj: OwaisiResponding to comments by Sangeet Som, BJP MLA, questioning the Taj Mahal’s place in history, Asaduddin Owaisi, All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen (AIMIM) chief, on Monday asked if the government would tell tourists not to visit the monument.Mr. Owaisi, Hyderabad MP, tweeted, “Traitors also build Red Fort, will Modi stop hoisting Tiranga? Can Modi and Yogi tell domestic and foreign tourist not to visit Taj Mahal?” He said Hyderabad House in Delhi, the venue where the Centre hosts foreign dignitaries, was built by a “traitor”.It was built by Osman Ali Khan, the last Nizam, on land offered by the British.last_img read more

Land dispute returns to haunt BJP in Saurashtra

Land dispute returns to haunt BJP in Saurashtra

first_imgWhile the Congress is trying to capitalise on the supposed disenchantment of the Patidars with the BJP in Gujarat ahead of the Assembly elections, protests by another influential community, the Karadia Rajputs, against BJP State president Jitu Vaghani over an old land dispute have escalated.The past two weeks have seen a series of protests in pockets of Saurashtra dominated by the community, demanding the resignation of Mr. Vaghani, a legislator from Bhavnagar West. Karadia Rajputs leaders have alleged that Mr. Vaghani had grabbed a parcel of pastoral land at Budhel village in Bhavnagar district and foisted false cases against Dansang Mori, sarpanch of the village, who resisted the alleged act. Mr. Mori was suspended as sarpanch in 2014 and later arrested for allegedly stealing a mobile phone and inciting riots. Massive gathering With the State polls round the corner, the community has rallied behind Mr. Mori, and discontent was evident at a massive public meeting organised near Ahmedabad on November 5. Over 200 community leaders, including local political leaders, at the gathering decided to fight the “injustice” done to Mr. Mori.“Vaghani is a land grabber, who has encroached upon gauchar (pastoral) land in the village. When Dansang opposed him, he [Vaghani] used his political clout to get him suspended as sarpanch and implicated him in cases based on trumped-up charges,” said Kanbha Gohil, a senior community leader, who has been asked to hold talks with the BJP leadership on the issue.“When I refused to pass the resolution of handing over pastoral land to Mr. Vaghani, I and my family members became his target,” Mr. Mori told presspersons in Ahmedabad before the convention.The BJP has so far dismissed all allegations and defended the party president. “All allegations are motivated and baseless,” Gujarat BJP spokesperson I.K. Jadeja said.Influential community“Our main demand is resignation of Vaghani. Another demand is that all cases against Dansang Mori and his family members should immediately be withdrawn. We have remained loyal to BJP so far but this time we may have to rethink our support in case the BJP does not yield,” Mr. Gohil said.He said Karadia Rajputs were influential in 35 Assembly constituencies in Saurashtra and Ahmedabad district.Protests have spread to villages with community banners saying “No Entry for Vaghani”. Saurashtra’s main city Rajkot, a BJP stronghold, has witnessed two protests in as many weeks against Mr. Vaghani. On Tuesday, Mr. Vaghani’s face in a hoarding at Astron Chowk in Rajkot was defaced.last_img read more

Bus conductor in Ryan school case released

Bus conductor in Ryan school case released

first_imgBus conductor Ashok Kumar, who was arrested by the Gurugram police in connection with the murder of seven-year-old Pradhyuman Thakur in the Ryan International School case, was released on bail on Wednesday.Mr. Kumar, who was whisked away by his relatives in a vehicle soon after his release from the Bhondsi district jail here, reached his house in Ghamroj village around 7:30 p.m.. His father, Ami Chand, and around a dozen fellow villagers and relatives, including women, were present outside the jail at the time of his release.Later speaking to mediapersons at his house, Mr. Kumar, with folded hands, said: “I thank the Almighty. I thank my lawyers.” Running high fever, he said he had complete faith in the judicial system.Mr. Kumar nodded in affirmative when asked whether he was tortured by the police to extort confession. He also replied in positive when mediapersons asked him whether he wanted that justice be done to Pradhyuman.Custody extended The Central Bureau of Investigation on Wednesday moved an application before the Juvenile Justice Board seeking fingerprints of the juvenile delinquent in the Ryan International school murder case.The Board, meanwhile, extended the judicial custody of the juvenile delinquent till December 6. He was produced before after his judicial custody had ended on Wednesday.last_img read more

Major parties swing into poll mode in Chhattisgarh

Major parties swing into poll mode in Chhattisgarh

first_imgThe three major political parties in Chhattisgarh have swung into election mode with Assembly elections just 10 months away. The State is likely to go for polls in October-November this year along with Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan. In the 2013 elections, the difference in vote share between the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party and opposition Congress was a mere 0.75%. The stakes are higher this year as the State is likely to witness a three-cornered contest with the entry of former Chhattisgarh Chief Minister Ajit Jogi’s Janata Congress Chhattisgarh (J). Mr. Jogi has already declared candidates for 20 of the 90 Assembly seats. Yogesh Tiwari, Janata Congress Chhattisgarh (J) leader, said, “We have almost finalised our candidates for 15 more seats. Our leaders have already covered 75 Assembly segments during various yatras in the last few months. We are also appointing a Panna Prabhari [in-charge of voter list] in every Assembly segment.”The Congress recently appointed its election committee and reshuffled its State party committee. A tribal leader and a Dalit leader have been made the executive presidents of the State unit of the Congress and a tribal MLA has been named as the party’s deputy leader in the Assembly.In the 2013 elections, the Dalit-dominated Assembly segments tilted the outcome in BJP’s favour. This time, the Congress is eyeing Dalit votes and is pinning its hopes on its newly appointed AICC State in-charge P.L. Punia, a Dalit leader from Uttar Pradesh.Congress spokesperson Shailesh Trivedi said, “Mr. Punia has covered almost every district in the State. Bupesh Baghel [the State Congress chief] is also carrying out padyatras in the State.”The BJP sounded the poll bugle six months ago, with party national president Amit Shah asking party workers to focus on cornering 65 Assembly seats during his three-day tour of the State in June last year.Chief Minister Raman Singh also travelled to all the district of the State during his Jan Suraj campaign. A BJP leader said, “Our frontal machinery has already started work. Ministers have been asked to organise religious programmess and health care camps and to get in touch with local party workers.”A BJP Minister said, “With the entry of Ajit Jogi, political equations have changed. Mr. Punia has also activated the Congress machinery. We will also be up against 15 years of anti-incumbency. So this time, we have started election preparations early.”last_img read more

Ex-IPS officer under Bengal CID scanner

Ex-IPS officer under Bengal CID scanner

first_imgFormer IPS officer Bharati Ghosh has come under the scanner of the Criminal Investigation Department of the West Bengal Police in connection with a complaint of extortion and misappropriation of funds.A day after Ms. Ghosh alleged that her house was searched and her husband detained for several hours, CID officials held a press conference on Saturday refuting the allegations.Refute allegations“There are allegations in the media that raids were conducted at the residence of a retired police officer. There was no raid at the residence of any retired police officer,” Nishat Pervez, DIG Operations, CID, said. Mr. Pervez, however, admitted that the CID conducted search operations at a house in Naktala area of the city among other places, but refused to admit that the house had anything to do with Ms. Ghosh. “Till now, there is no confirmation that it [the house at Naktola] was the residence of a retired police officer,” he said.In the ongoing investigation, the CID is looking into the role of six police officers, some of whom served with Ms. Ghosh.last_img read more

Odisha plans 20 hospitals under PPP mode

Odisha plans 20 hospitals under PPP mode

first_imgThe Odisha government on Friday announced its decision to set up 20 hospitals through public-private partnership mode, which would create an additional 2,700 beds in the State.In what is being touted as the one of the country’s biggest private investments in the health sector, the State government is looking to mobilise ₹1,000 crore. Under the State’s affordable health project, these hospitals will be opened under the ‘hub and spoke’ model. CM Naveen Patnaik has approved the construction in Puri, Jeypore, Angul, Barbil, Baripada, Bhadrak, Balangir, Jharsuguda, Bhawanipatna, Phulbani, Dhenkanal, Boudh, Kendrapara, Rairangpur, Rayagada, Paralakhemundi, Nabarangpur and Subarnapur.last_img read more

Five commandos injured in encounters with Naxals in Chhattisgarh

Five commandos injured in encounters with Naxals in Chhattisgarh

first_imgFive CoBRA personnel were injured in two encounters with the Naxals in Chhattisgarh’s Bijapur district on Monday, the first phase of the state elections, police said. The skirmish took place at separate spots at a forest in Pamed, around 500 km from Raipur. The Commando Battalion for Resolute Action (CoBRA) — an elite unit of the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) — was patrolling the area in view of the voting going on in the region, a senior police officer said. A group of Naxalites opened fire on a patrolling team of the CoBRA’s 204th battalion when it was near Empur village. When the security personnel retaliated, the rebels fled from the spot, the officer told PTI. The injured, sub-inspector Lal Chand and a constable, were taken out of the forest and admitted to a hospital, he said. After the first incident, when the same patrolling team was cordoning off a forest patch near Majiguda village, the rebels again opened fire at them, injuring assistant commandant Amit Deswal, head constable Sunil and constable Chaitanya, the officer said. Reinforcement was rushed to the spot and efforts were on to evacuate the three personnel, he added. Voting in 18 constituencies of eight Naxal-affected districts, including Bijapur, was being held on Monday. Around 1.25 lakh security personnel were deployed in the region to ensure peaceful polling.last_img read more

Shiv Sena may get deputy speaker’s post in Assembly

Shiv Sena may get deputy speaker’s post in Assembly

first_imgDespite the announcement of contesting the forthcoming general elections independently, the Shiv Sena is likely to accept the post of deputy speaker in the State Assembly, indicating both parties are patching up their differences. The move is seen as an attempt by the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) to soften its ally who has taken an aggressive stand over the issue of Ram temple in Ayodhya. Four years after the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)-led government took the reins of power, the State Assembly may have a deputy speaker in the form of Sena member of the Legislative Assembly Vijay Auti. Assembly speaker Haribhau Bagde made the announcement of the election programme for the post on Wednesday. As per the schedule, the election, if required, will be held on the last day of the winter session of the State legislature that falls on November 30. On Tuesday night, Revenue Minister Chandrakant Patil held a meeting with Sena chief Uddhav Thackeray to discuss the Maratha reservation issue. However the issue of the deputy speaker’s post in the Assembly and deputy chairman’s post in the State Council was also discussed. Sources said the BJP may also extend the post of deputy chairman in the Council to the Sena. According to sources in the Sena, Mr. Auti is likely to file nomination and will be elected unopposed. A senior leader of the Nationalist Congress Party said fighting for this post makes no sense for the Opposition as it does not have the numbers. “Why should we spend our energy fighting this battle? Barely seven months are left for the State Assembly polls to be announced. Let the BJP give this post to the Sena. It will also expose how both the parties are together, even though they are claiming otherwise,” he said. A Sena leader said although no name has been finalised, the decision would be taken by the party chief. He accepted that at a time when his party is aggressively criticising the BJP over the issue of Ram temple in Ayodhya, the move may send the wrong signals. “There is no reason to reject the offer if the post is offered to us. What will happen in the election is a different story altogether,” said the leader.last_img read more

‘ILP will be applicable to entire Nagaland, including Dimapur’

‘ILP will be applicable to entire Nagaland, including Dimapur’

first_imgNagaland Governor P.B. Acharya on Thursday said the government has decided to make the Inner Line Permit applicable throughout the State, including the commercial hub of Dimapur.“ILP will be made applicable to the entire State, including Dimapur, and we are committed to streamline the system of issuing ILPs to ensure that no illegal immigrant is able to come to Nagaland,” Mr. Acharya said in his address on the first day of the State Assembly budget session.Under the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation Act of 1853, non-Nagas should have ILP to visit the State, but Dimapur district was not included under the provisions.The Governor said: “While the government will be taking all legal and administrative steps to ensure this, we would also need active support of the civil society, village councils and people in achieving this objective.” He said that while the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill was of serious concern to all sections, “we are also aware of the threat that is posed to our society by illegal migrants in the State”. Accordingly, he said, the government had set up a panel to suggest measures to strengthen the existing system of issuing ILPs and recommend modalities to check influx of illegal migrants.last_img read more

Influential Ecology Think Tank Survives With New Focus

Influential Ecology Think Tank Survives With New Focus

first_imgFew institutions have had as big an impact on ecology in recent years as the National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis (NCEAS) of the University of California (UC), Santa Barbara. Its innovative model of collaboration and pulling together existing data sets has helped shape perceptions of a wide range of issues, including overfishing and climate change. So it was a shock to many researchers when they learned in 2011 that core funding from the National Science Foundation (NSF) was ending. Now, with a new lease on life thanks to philanthropic grants, NCEAS has refocused on applied ecology and conservation. But how much it can continue to serve basic research is not clear.It is a question “that keeps me up at night,” says Frank Davis, an ecologist at UC Santa Barbara, who became director of NCEAS in July 2011.When NCEAS began in 1995, it was the first national center of its kind. Researchers could propose questions in a range of areas, such as infectious disease and marine ecology. Then a dozen or more colleagues from around the world would gather in Santa Barbara for working group meetings to assemble often disparate data sets and search for answers. The collegial approach paid off. NCEAS created a critical mass of researchers with resident postdocs and visiting academics, and technical staff members who developed new informatic approaches to support data synthesis. More than 500 working groups produced a long list of highly cited papers, often putting NCEAS in the top 1% of institutions cited for their work in ecology. And the model was duplicated elsewhere, with centers that focus on evolution and mathematical biology, for example. The latest is the National Socio-Environmental Synthesis Center (SESYNC) in Annapolis.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)For 17 years, NCEAS was funded as an NSF center, providing about 70% of its operating budget. After an exceptional third renewal, the last of the NSF money ran out on 30 September. “We’re really are in the post-NSF era,” Davis says.Thanks to a $2.4 million grant from the Moore Foundation, announced in June, the center has secure funding through 2015. The grant will cover about 70% of operations for a slimmed-down NCEAS. But the budget is about one-half of what it was during NCEAS’ heyday, when it reached $3.7 million.Another change is that NCEAS is focusing more of its efforts on applied conservation work. The flagship effort is called Science for Nature and People (SNAP), a partnership with the Nature Conservancy (TNC) and the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), which began in July. The overall model is the same—request proposals for working groups that synthesize data—but the focus is on the role of nature in supplying food, energy, and water, especially in developing countries. “We’re still asking people for their best ideas, but in a narrower span of ecological research,” Davis says. And rather than communicating to policymakers after the fact, SNAP aims to have them involved from the start.The first two working groups, announced on 24 September, focus on using natural defenses to reduce the risk of coastal disasters and balancing infrastructure development and conservation in the western Amazon. The emphasis on influencing conservation managers and policymakers will make measuring success harder. “We’re doing this with eyes wide open,” Davis says. “It’s not that easy to make important and durable changes to policy just by doing science.”Despite the new direction, NCEAS will try to serve the broader ecological community as before, Davis says. NSF still funds some NCEAS informatics research, mainly the Data Observation Network for Earth. And the center continues to train young scientists in data synthesis. This summer, a 3-week session funded by the Packard Foundation hosted 22 students out of 400 applicants. “There really is a training gap,” Davis says.But Davis still hasn’t cracked the toughest nut: how to finance the broad, basic science projects that made NCEAS famous as a center essentially owned and operated by ecologists. Davis is also puzzling over how to ensure that NCEAS remains neutral and nonpartisan while moving into the world of serving clients outside the scientific community who may have strong opinions on issues of the day.“It’s great that [SNAP] is allowing NCEAS to continue,” says Sandy Andelman, a chief scientist for Conservation International, who was deputy director of NCEAS from 1999 to 2005. But she points out a key difference: SNAP has its own board, whereas NCEAS used to operate with a science advisory panel. So it will largely be TNC and WCS that will decide which projects to fund. “That’s not the same sort of community-driven model as NCEAS,” she says. “NCEAS has finished its first life,” says Taylor Ricketts of the University of Vermont in Burlington, who served on its board for 3 years. In its place, he sees three similar efforts at using working groups to synthesize data for applied ecology. In addition to SNAP and SESYNC, the World Wide Fund for Nature is creating the $20 million Luc Hoffmann Institute in Gland, Switzerland. “I don’t understand how they consider their niches to be different, but there’s a lot of work to be done” with integrating science into conservation, Ricketts says. “It’s heartening.”last_img read more

How to Survive a Nuclear Explosion

How to Survive a Nuclear Explosion

first_imgIt begins with a flash brighter than the sun. Trees, fences, and people immediately catch fire. The only reason you survive is because you run inside and dive into the cast-iron tub just as the shock wave arrives. You stumble to your lopsided front door and look out on the burning ruin of your neighborhood. The deadly radioactive fallout is on its way. Should you stay in your wobbling house or run across town to the public library to shelter in its basement? A new mathematical model may have the answer.The model is the brainchild of Michael Dillon, an atmospheric scientist at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California. He started exploring the topic about 5 years ago after the U.S. government called for more research on nuclear shelters. Curious about his work, his family asked him what they should do if they saw a mushroom cloud. “I realized that I really didn’t have a great answer,” he says. The official U.S. government advice is to “take shelter in the nearest and most protective building.” For most people, that would be the basement of their home. But, Dillon says, “out in California there just are not that many basements,” offering little protection from fallout. For those people, the official recommendations suggest “early transit” to find better shelter, ideally one with thick layers of concrete over your head and plenty of food and water. But if you spend too much time outside in the fallout, you’re toast.During the Cold War, scientists modeled almost every imaginable consequence of a nuclear explosion. But Dillon found a gap in the sheltering strategies for people far enough from ground zero to survive the initial blast but close enough to face deadly fallout. He focused on a single low-yield nuclear detonation like those that destroyed Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The world’s nuclear arsenal has grown far more powerful—today’s warheads can inflict thousands of times more damage—but security experts believe that low-yield bombs are the kind most likely to be used by terrorists.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)The hard part was figuring out what variables matter for fallout survival. The rest was calculus. The longer you stay outside, the higher your radiation dose, but the environmental radiation intensity also decreases over time. So your total dose is a function of when you step outside, your distance from the detonation, how long you run before you reach better shelter, and how much shielding you get from the local environment while you’re out there. Dillon simplified the calculation by assuming that you are totally exposed while running to safer shelter; he also ignored complexities such as limited shelter capacities. In the end, the math boiled down to a single critical number: the ratio of the time you spend hunkering down in your first shelter to the time you spend moving to the high-quality shelter. Then Dillon worked out what would happen with a variety of shelter options and transit times.The results surprised him. For low-yield nuclear detonations, you can do far better than just sheltering in place, but you’ll need a watch and good knowledge of your surroundings. If your current shelter is poor and higher quality shelter is less than 5 minutes away, the model suggests that you should run there as soon as you can. If you have poor shelter but higher quality shelter is available farther away, you should get to that high-quality shelter no later than 30 minutes after detonation. Depending on the size of the city, if everyone follows this advice, it could save between 10,000 and 100,000 lives, Dillon reports online today in the Proceedings of the Royal Society A.Not everyone is convinced, however. “I disagree with the conclusions,” says Lawrence Wein, an operations research scientist at Stanford University in Palo Alto, California. “He fails to account for several important issues that are vitally important for policy recommendations.” Anyone heading out into the apocalyptic wasteland will have no idea how long the transit time will really be. Because of this uncertainty, he says, the official U.S. government recommendation is “to shelter for at least 12 hours” after the blast. Wein also worries about “the collective behavior problem.” In the wake of the Three Mile Island nuclear disaster, a few thousand people were told to evacuate and nearly 200,000 people took to the streets. “The model is assuming that you have each person on puppet strings and can dictate their actions. This is simply not going to be the case in the aftermath.”But that criticism misses the point, says C. Norman Coleman, a public health researcher at the U.S. National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Maryland. “As someone working with government and state and local planners, we find models extraordinarily useful to help us develop concepts of operations,” he says, noting that this is his personal view and not an official U.S. government response. For example, knowing how long the window of opportunity is for people to reach better shelter can help rank evacuation plans. At the very least, Coleman says, Dillon’s model reveals what is “possible to do and what is not likely to be useful.”last_img read more

ScienceShot: Meteorite Impacts Could Have Fostered Life on Early Earth

ScienceShot: Meteorite Impacts Could Have Fostered Life on Early Earth

first_imgCould meteorite impacts on Earth have provided a habitat for early life? That’s the question being raised by a new study, which reports the first possible identification of fossil microbial traces from within an impact crater. The researchers were looking at rocks from the Ries crater (inset) of southern Germany, a 24-kilometer-wide depression formed about 14.6 million years ago by a meteorite crashing into Earth with the force of 1.8 million Hiroshima bombs. The energy of impacts that create such craters can be high enough to melt rock; these melts cool rapidly, forming impact glass—a smooth, dark rock, similar to its volcanic cousin, obsidian—which contains various microscopic structures and crystals. Among the structures in the Ries glasses are peculiar curved and tubular features, about one-millionth to three-millionths of a meter in diameter. While previously thought to be simply unusual types of crystals, the team’s study revealed that the tubules (pictured) may be biological in origin, they reported online last week in Geology. Unlike microcrystals, for example, the tubules have complex forms—often observed abruptly changing direction to avoid intersecting each other, in a manner consistent with tunneling microbial behavior—and contain organic molecules associated with biological activity; the Ries tubules are also similar to fossil traces of microbes found in volcanic glass. Given that the tubules seem to be associated with fractures and water-cooled margins within the rocks, the researchers propose that hydrothermal activity—the local circulation of heated water, common after impacts—could have allowed microbial colonization of the glass from the surrounding environment. With the origin of life on Earth believed to have coincided with a period of increased impact flux, the idea that meteorite-formed glass might provide a prevalent, viable habitat for microbes could have a significant “impact” on our understanding of how early life developed.See more ScienceShots.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)last_img read more